Aug 27, 201901:03 PMInside Wisconsin
with Tom Still
Beyond the rhetoric, signs of progress on trade
(page 1 of 2)
Largely unnoticed amid the stream of tweets and bilateral tariff threats this summer was the quiet creation of a Democratic “working group” on trade in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s charge to the nine-member group: Try to reach consensus on the replacement treaty for the North American Free Trade Agreement.
The outcome of ongoing talks with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, President Trump’s top trade envoy, could bring relief to farms, manufacturers, and tech businesses in Wisconsin and the nation.
On the table is the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement, or USMCA, which would replace NAFTA as the primary governing pact between the three nations. It was signed in November 2018 by leaders from all three countries, but NAFTA remains in effect until Congress votes on a bill to implement the replacement.
Among a host of details, the USMCA includes improved “rules of origin” for various products, modernizes food and agricultural trade, installs protections of intellectual property, and includes new chapters covering digital trade and storage of data, anti-corruption, regulatory practices, and small and medium-sized businesses.
There are multiple “side letters” on specific products or processes, some of which have homes in Wisconsin, such as cheese, distilled spirits, biologics, natural water resources, and more. One prominent provision of USMCA would give U.S. dairy farmers greater access to the Canadian market.
So, what’s the holdup? Some Democratic members of Congress aren’t satisfied with USMCA’s provisions related to labor, the environment, drug pricing, and enforcement. The nine-member working group named by Pelosi and headed by House Ways and Means Chairman Richard Neal is focusing on those areas in its talks with Lighthizer.
A veteran observer of trade negotiations in Washington, D.C. thinks those talks are moving along well and that USMCA could be ratified by the end of the year.
“The working group came together to create space for more good will,” said Stefanie Holland, a Wisconsin native who is vice president for federal and global policy at CompTIA, a leading technology association. “It’s something we haven’t seen in the past and it’s all very positive. They are trying to work to ‘yes’ on USMCA.”
Wisconsin is a state that relies on trade. The state’s largest trade markets are Canada and Mexico, and passage of USMCA could expand those relationships. According to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, trade with Canada and Mexico directly or indirectly supports 231,000 Wisconsin jobs and accounts for $10.9 billion in all exports. Leading categories are industrial machinery, electric machinery, medical equipment, vehicles, plastics, and paper, as well as a mix of agricultural products.