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Sep 11, 201812:15 PMInside Wisconsin

with Tom Still

Is Wisconsin drawing more millennials? Some signs point that way

(page 1 of 2)

One of Wisconsin’s lagging economic indicators over recent decades has been “net migration,” the term for describing the numerical difference between how many people move away from the state versus those who move in.

There are indications that Wisconsin may be reversing the slide at precisely the right time, given its aging workforce and the national competition for talent.

Wisconsin gained nearly 6,200 more people than it lost in 2017, according to U.S. Census Bureau figures that examined both domestic and international migration. That followed a six-year span in which Wisconsin lost an average of 4,000 more people than it gained each year to migration.

It’s not a recent story. Wisconsin has been a net migration loser in most post-World War II decades, the data shows. The principal reason is not that Wisconsin suffers from excessive “brain drain,” but that it has fared worse over time than the nation’s high-growth states in terms of “brain gain,” meaning attracting people from elsewhere.

One year does not make a trend, but there are anecdotal reasons to suggest a shift is occurring.

A recent study by the National Association of Realtors examined which U.S. communities were leaders in the percentage of millennials (born between 1981 and 1996) who bought homes in about 200 of the nation’s largest housing markets within a one-year period. Appleton in Wisconsin’s Fox Valley was No. 1, with 57% of its mortgages issued to millennials.

The report cited ready-to-move-in houses, cost, entertainment and arts options, schools, and other quality of life advantages as working in Appleton’s favor. More generally, it noted that millennials bought 36% of the nation’s housing stock last year, making them the largest single demographic group to buy homes.

“They may be buying homes in big numbers, but they can’t afford to do so in the nation’s largest, most expensive cities,” the report noted. “Instead, many younger buyers are opting for more affordable — and unexpected — parts of the country.”

Appleton Mayor Tim Hanna viewed the report as an indicator that “great things are happening” in his city.

“The report seems to verify what I’ve been hearing anecdotally: People are choosing to move from Appleton from other places around the country,” Hanna said. “It’s what we have been trying to accomplish for many years. Maybe our hard work is finally starting to pay off.”

Counting Appleton, six of the top 10 millennial housing markets in percentage terms were Midwest cities. Others were Des Moines, Iowa; Duluth, Minnesota; Kalamazoo, Michigan; Lincoln, Nebraska; and Evansville, Indiana.

(Continued)

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Tom Still is president of the Wisconsin Technology Council. He is the former associate editor of the Wisconsin State Journal.

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